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An industrial mineral is any mineral that is valuable in the industrial economy but is not a metal ore. Some minerals will be useful directly, while others will require processing steps that differ significantly from typical ore processing. Currently, no uses of industrial minerals have been implemented (but many are planned).

Stone Minerals

Mineral Hard Deposits
Alunite Medium Rhyolite, andesite
Apatite Strong Sedimentary Bed, carbonatite
Chysotile Weak Serpentine (0.9%)
Diatomite Weak Sedimentary bed (desert, volcanic)
Graphite Weak Graphite
Gypsum Weak Marine and lake evaporite
Kyanite Strong Pegmatite (5%)
Mirabilite Weak Lake evaporite (15%)
Muscovite (Mica) Weak Pegmatite (5%)
Quartz Strong Igneous Veins
Soapstone (Talc) Weak Serpentine (10%), Carbonate
Perlite Strong Peridotite, diorite (volcanic, w/ obsidian)
Pumice Strong Volcanic ash
Trona (Soda Ash) Weak Lake evaporite (70%)
Wollastonite Medium Carbonate, Skarn
Zeolite Medium Sedimentary Bed (volcanic)

Sand Minerals

Some minerals are found in sand form and are easily shoveled. These occur in a variety of deposit types.

Mineral Deposits
Garnet Placer (beach, river)
Volcanic Ash Volcanic ash
High-purity Quartz Desert swaths
Glauconite Sedimentary bed (ocean w/ sandstone)

Clay Minerals

Some minerals are generally found in mineralized soil, i.e., clay. Like clay, these are best extracted with a shovel.

Mineral Deposits
Bentonite Volcanic ash
Fuller's Earth Sedimentary bed (desert)
Kaolinite Sedimentary bed (tropics)
Vermiculite Layered intrusion (in diorite), diorite, carbonatite (4%), skarn (w/ magnesite)